Environmental Refugees: A New Concept for the Current Day?

Environmental Refugees: A New Concept for the Current Day? (0)

Background:
It is now widely accepted that climate change is occurring and that the detrimental consequences for global health, if no action is taken, are significant. Therefore a level of carbon awareness amongst individuals and organisations is essential. One particularly controversial outcome of climate change is migration and the concept of environmental refugees. There are currently 15.2 million ‘traditional’ political refugees and asylum seekers worldwide. However, current estimations for numbers of ‘environmental refugees’ reach as high as 50 million.

Methods:

Discussions with asylum seekers in the Mersey and Chester region aided an understanding of the current asylum system in the UK. A literature search was conducted using Athens to locate relevant resources. Key resources were also identified with help from key contacts.

Results:
As individuals in the UK we have far higher carbon footprints than many other nations, and the NHS is a huge contributor to UK emissions. There is an abundance of literature on the topic of environmental refugees, with much debate over typology. Migration appears to be a complex outcome of environmental, political, social and economic factors, thus collated data is difficult to compare due to the multi-causality of the issue
Conclusion:
Taking aside the controversial status of environmental refugees, there is much evidence to support immediate action and policy change. The international community must collaborate in order to improve current migration programmes and prepare for and adapt to the inevitable population movement.

2 comments for “Environmental Refugees: A New Concept for the Current Day?

  1. Anne
    May 12, 2012 at 10:58 pm

    Hello and thank you for this article. So-called environmentally induced migration is multi-level problem. According to Essam El-Hinnawi definition form 1985 environmental refugees as those people who have been forced to leave their traditional habitat, temporarily or permanently, because of a marked environmental disruption (natural or triggered by people) that jeopardised their existence and/or seriously affected the quality of their life. The fundamental distinction between `environmental migrants` and `environmental refugees` is a standpoint of contemporsry studies in EDPs.

    According to Bogumil Terminski it seems reasonable to distinguish the general category of environmental migrants from the more specific (subordinate to it) category of environmental refugees.

    Environmental migrants, therefore, are persons making a short-lived, cyclical, or longerterm change of residence, of a voluntary or forced character, due to specific environmental factors. Environmental refugees form a specific type of environmental migrant.

    Environmental refugees, therefore, are persons compelled to spontaneous, short-lived, cyclical, or longer-term changes of residence due to sudden or gradually worsening changes in environmental factors important to their living, which may be of either a short-term or an irreversible character.

    According to Norman Myers environmental refugees are “people who can no longer gain a secure livelihood in their homelands because of drought, soil erosion, desertification, deforestation and other environmental problems, together with associated problems of population pressures and profound poverty”.

  2. Anne
    June 12, 2012 at 6:10 pm

    Hello and thank you for this article. So-called environmentally induced migration is multi-level problem.
    According to Bogumil Terminski it seems reasonable to distinguish the general category of environmental migrants from the more specific (subordinate to it) category of environmental refugees.

    Environmental migrants, therefore, are persons making a short-lived, cyclical, or longerterm change of residence, of a voluntary or forced character, due to specific environmental factors. Environmental refugees form a specific type of environmental migrant.

    Environmental refugees, therefore, are persons compelled to spontaneous, short-lived, cyclical, or longer-term changes of residence due to sudden or gradually worsening changes in environmental factors important to their living, which may be of either a short-term or an irreversible character.

    According to Norman Myers environmental refugees are “people who can no longer gain a secure livelihood in their homelands because of drought, soil erosion, desertification, deforestation and other environmental problems, together with associated problems of population pressures and profound poverty”.

    According to Essam El-Hinnawi definition form 1985 environmental refugees as those people who have been forced to leave their traditional habitat, temporarily or permanently, because of a marked environmental disruption (natural or triggered by people) that jeopardised their existence and/or seriously affected the quality of their life. The fundamental distinction between `environmental migrants` and `environmental refugees` is a standpoint of contemporsry studies in EDPs.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *